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STEAM Learning in Your Homeschool: A Parent’s Guide

STEAM learning with homeschool child

As a homeschooling parent, you’re always looking for ways to provide your children with a well-rounded enriching education. One approach that has gained significant traction in recent years is STEAM learning, but what exactly is STEAM, and how can it benefit your homeschool?

What Is STEAM?

STEAM stands for Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, and Mathematics. This interdisciplinary approach to learning encourages students to explore both the natural and constructed worlds through the lens of multiple disciplines, leading to a deeper understanding of concepts and their real-world applications.

Unlike traditional siloed academic subjects, STEAM learning emphasizes the connections between these fields, challenging students to think critically, solve complex problems, and tap into their creativity.

By integrating these elements, STEAM education prepares learners for the increasingly interdisciplinary nature of the modern workforce and equips them with the skills needed to thrive in a rapidly changing world.

In your homeschool, STEAM learning can take on many forms, from structured unit studies to more open-ended, project-based activities. The key is to encourage your children to explore, experiment, and engage with the material in hands-on, meaningful ways.

The Benefits of STEAM Learning

One of the primary benefits of STEAM learning is its ability to spark your homeschoolers’ natural curiosity. By presenting them with real-world challenges and problems to solve, you can tap into their innate desire to understand how things work and how they can be improved or optimized. This curiosity-driven approach helps to foster a love of learning that can last a lifetime.

Moreover, STEAM learning is valuable because it develops critical thinking and problem-solving skills. As your children work through STEAM based activities, they’ll learn to break down complex problems, analyze data, and devise creative solutions.

These skills are not only essential for success in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) fields but also transferable to a wide range of academic and professional pursuits.

Another important aspect of STEAM learning is its emphasis on the arts. By integrating artistic expression and design thinking into the curriculum, you can nurture your children’s creativity and help them develop a more holistic understanding of the world around them.

This can lead to enhanced problem-solving abilities, improved communication skills, and a heightened appreciation for the role of aesthetics in daily life.

How to Incorporate STEAM Learning in Your Homeschool

To incorporate STEAM learning into your homeschool, you might start by introducing your students to engineering challenges, where they work to solve problems using the engineering design process.

Encourage your children to sketch their ideas, test their prototypes, and review their designs based on feedback and observation.

You can also integrate STEAM concepts into your existing curriculum by exploring the science behind art, the mathematics behind music, or the technology behind historical innovations.

For example, you might have your children create their own geometric art pieces, compose rhythmic patterns, or investigate the physics of flight by building and testing paper airplanes.

Berean science courses offer plenty of opportunities for practical applications of STEAM activities. The many hands-on science experiments included with every course gives your students a starting point for further investigation using STEAM concepts.

You’ve got the science! Here are some examples to bring focus to technology, engineering, art, and mathematics in your Berean science homeschool planning:

Leverage Technology

  • Introduce your children to emerging technologies like robotics, 3D printing, or renewable energy systems, and have them experiment with applying these tools to solve scientific problems.
  • Encourage them to research and report on how recent technologies are advancing scientific discovery and innovation.
  • Integrate virtual reality, augmented reality, or other digital tools into your science lessons to enhance visualization and exploration.

Incorporate Engineering

  • Present your children with open-ended engineering design problems, such as building a bridge that could hold the most weight or creating a device to clean up an oil spill.
  • Guide them through the engineering design process of defining the problem, researching solutions, prototyping, testing, and improving their designs.
  • Have them document their design process and present their final solutions to you or other family members.

Integrate Art

  • Have your students create scientific illustrations or diagrams in their notebooks to help visualize and explain scientific concepts they are learning.
  • Engage them in designing their own experiments or models, focusing on the aesthetics and visual communication of their designs.
  • Encourage them to create sculptures, paintings, or other art pieces that represent scientific phenomena, principles, or theories.

Explore Mathematics

  • Show your students how to analyze scientific data and measurements to help them understand how mathematical concepts like statistics, geometry, and algebra are used in scientific inquiry.
  • Have them create mathematical models to predict or explain scientific phenomena.
  • Incorporate math-based coding or programming activities into your science lessons, such as using simple computer simulations.

Emphasize Real-World Connections

  • Tie your science curriculum to current events, local environmental issues, or technological advancements to help your children see the relevance and practical applications of what they’re learning.
  • Plan field trips or virtual excursions to museums, science centers, or research facilities to expose your children to STEAM professionals and authentic scientific work.
  • Invite STEAM experts, such as engineers, scientists, or artists to share their experiences and insights with your students.

As you delve into STEAM learning, be sure to foster an environment of collaboration and communication. Encourage your children to work together, share their ideas, and provide constructive feedback to one another. This not only promotes teamwork and social skills but also helps to reinforce the interconnected nature of the STEAM disciplines.

Remember the key to successful STEAM learning is to make it engaging, relevant, and fun. By tapping into your children’s natural curiosity and allowing them to explore their interests through hands-on activities, you can help them develop a deep, lasting understanding of the world around them.

As you continue on your homeschooling journey, embrace the power of STEAM learning to nurture your children’s creativity, critical thinking, and love of discovery. With this comprehensive approach, you’ll not only prepare them for academic and professional success but also help them become well-rounded, adaptable, and curious individuals, ready to tackle the challenges of the 21st century.

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Science Vocabulary: Homeschool Learning Resources

We love science! At Berean Builders, we believe science is a fascinating subject that fuels curiosity and encourages exploration.

Whether your homeschooler is a budding scientist or simply eager to understand the world around them, a strong foundation in science terms is essential. Effective learning requires knowledge of the topic vocabulary.

If you took science classes in school, you remember learning science vocabulary. By familiarizing your student with these linguistic building blocks, you can help them more deeply understand various scientific disciplines and ideas.

Critical thinkers utilize strong vocabularies as they seek to comprehend new concepts.

Studying Science: The Power of Root Words

Before diving into specific science vocabulary, it’s important to understand the significance of root words. Root words are the foundation upon which many scientific terms are built. By recognizing common Greek and Latin roots, homeschoolers can decipher the meanings of scientific words, even when they encounter them for the first time.

Here are some frequently used scientific roots (both prefixes and suffixes), their meanings, and some common uses:

Bio – Life: biology, biotechnology, biosphere

Geo – Earth: geology, geography, geophysics

Astro – Space: astronomy, astrophysics, astronaut

Hydro – Water: hydrology, hydroelectricity, hydroponics

Aero – Air: aerodynamics, aerospace, aeronautics

Photo – Light: photosynthesis, photography, photovoltaic

Micro – Small: microscope, microbiology, microorganism

-ology – The study of: biology, geology, ecology

-ist – One who studies: chemist, physicist, zoologist

-metry – Measurement: telemetry, geometry, tachometry

Essential Science Vocabulary

Let’s explore a selection of frequently used science vocabulary that homeschoolers should become familiar with.

Hypothesis: a proposed explanation or prediction based on limited evidence, serving as the starting point for scientific investigation.

Experiment: a carefully designed procedure to test a hypothesis and gather data.

Variables: factors that can be changed or measured in an experiment, such as independent variables (manipulated) and dependent variables (observed).

Observation: the act of carefully watching or noting something to gather information.

Theory: a well-substantiated explanation of natural phenomena, supported by a vast body of evidence and scientific consensus.

Law: a statement that describes an observed phenomenon in nature, often expressed as a mathematical equation.

Energy: the capacity to do work or cause change. It exists in various forms such as kinetic, potential, thermal, and electrical energy.

Matter: anything that has mass and takes up space. It can exist in solid, liquid, or gaseous states.

Ecosystem: a community of living organisms, along with their physical environment, that interact and depend on each other.

DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that carries genetic information and serves as the blueprint for the development and functioning of all living organisms.

Scientific Method: a systematic approach used by scientists to investigate and understand the natural world.

Science Tools and Instruments

One fun part of science is being able to use tools and instruments to view, measure, and manipulate components during a lesson. When your student is familiar with the vocabulary of scientific instruments, learning expands with the knowledge of how they are used.

Telescope Pipette Balance
Thermometer Microscope Centrifuge
Graduated cylinder Test tube Compass
Beaker Hydrometer Flask

Branches of Science

Science is a vast field with several specialized branches. Each discipline uses its own set of related vocabulary.

Biology: the study of living organisms and their interactions with their environment.

Cells Evaporation Organism
Genetics Mitosis Metamorphosis
Evolution Osmosis Bacteria
Ecosystem Symbiosis Biodiversity

Chemistry: the study of substances, their properties, composition, interactions, and changes.

Electron Compound Acid
Proton Reaction Base
Neutron Periodic table Solvent
Element Oxidation Solution

Physics: the study of matter, energy, and the fundamental forces that govern the universe.

Gravity Acceleration Momentum
Force Displacement Velocity
Motion Inertia Entropy
Energy Friction Quantum

Astronomy: the study of celestial objects, space, and the universe.

Planet Comet Galaxy
Black hole Satellite Asteroid
Heliocentric Binary star Light year
Constellation Magnitude Eclipse

Geology: the study of the Earth, its rocks, minerals, and the processes that shape the planet’s structure.

Magma Minerals Erosion
Plate tectonics Aquifer Sedimentary
Igneous Subduction Hydrothermal
Crust Bedrock Mantle

We could go on and on with science vocabulary!

When you introduce your student to new science words and help them understand their meanings in context, you give them tools to make connections between concepts, decode complex terms, and cultivate a lifelong love for science.

Science Vocabulary Everywhere!

The best way to give your homeschooler the gift of scientific knowledge is to immerse them in one of our comprehensive science courses. From earth science to biology, chemistry, physics, and more, your student can engage in exploration of our universe, our planet, and the life around us, all while encouraging critical thinking and creativity.

With conversational text, hands-on experiments your student can perform right at home, and support from us here, Berean Builders science courses bring the world of science to your homeschool adventure.

More Resources For Homeschool Science

Come see our wide selection of science courses for…

…that cover plenty of science vocabulary and help your student explore the world.

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Homeschool Science Lesson Planning: A Comprehensive Guide

Homeschool science lesson planning isn’t merely about following a curriculum; it’s about

  • igniting curiosity,
  • fostering critical thinking,
  • and nurturing a lifelong appreciation for science and the natural world.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the art and science of homeschool science lesson planning, exploring strategies, resources, and tips to empower home educators in this enriching endeavor.

In a homeschooling environment, where students have the flexibility to explore topics at their own pace, science becomes an invaluable tool for nurturing their intellectual growth.

By planning engaging science lessons, homeschooling parents can instill a love for learning and equip their student with essential skills for success in an increasingly complex world.

Homeschool Science Lesson Plans: Understanding the Fundamentals

Before diving into the intricacies of lesson planning, it’s crucial to grasp the fundamental principles that underpin effective science education:

Requirements for Science

First, it is essential to familiarize yourself with your state’s homeschooling laws and requirements.

Each state has its own regulations regarding subjects to be taught, curriculum standards, and evaluation methods. By understanding these guidelines, you can ensure that your science lessons align with the necessary standards and expectations. Then you’re ready to plan.

Curiosity as the Catalyst

  • Science thrives on curiosity. Encourage your student’s natural inclination to question, explore, and experiment.
  • Design lessons that pique their interest and inspire wonder, fostering a sense of awe and excitement.

Hands-On Exploration

  • Science is best learned through hands-on experiences. Incorporate experiments, field trips, and interactive activities to deepen understanding and retention.
  • Create a learning environment that encourages experimentation, investigation, and discovery.

Integration of Disciplines

  • Science transcends boundaries. Integrate other subjects like mathematics, language arts, and history into your lessons, fostering interdisciplinary connections and enriching the learning experience.

Adaptability and Flexibility

  • Embrace flexibility in your lesson plans, allowing for spontaneity and adaptation based on your student’s interests, pace, and learning style.
  • Be prepared to adjust your approach as needed, tailoring lessons to meet evolving needs and challenges.
  • Take a break when necessary and go outside, enjoy a field trip, or just breathe, then dive back in when refreshed. You could be inspired for new lessons outside your homeschool classroom.

Crafting Comprehensive Homeschool Science Lesson Plans

With the foundational principles in mind, let’s delve into the step-by-step process of crafting comprehensive homeschool science lesson plans:

Step 1: Set Clear Objectives

What should my student learn from each science lesson?

  • Define specific learning goals and objectives for each lesson, aligning them with your overall curriculum and educational objectives following your state’s requirements. Consider using guidelines that are supplied by your curriculum provider.
  • Ensure that objectives are measurable, achievable, and relevant to your student’s learning journey. Break down overarching outcomes into smaller, easily reachable goals to keep you and your student motivated.
  • Not sure what objectives to aim for? We are available to help you determine the best course for your students wherever they are in their science education journey.

Step 2: Choose Engaging Topics

How do I keep my homeschool student engaged with science lessons?

  • Select topics that resonate with your student’s interests, sparking curiosity and enthusiasm.
  • Consider current scientific trends and real-world relevance that align with your worldview or compare and contrast those that do not.
  • Explore a variety of scientific disciplines, from biology and chemistry to physics and earth science, catering to diverse interests and learning preferences.
  • Dr. Wile has included a thorough investigation of science using conversational language to keep your student engaged and excited to learn more about the world around us.

Step 3: Plan Hands-On Activities

How can I include hands-on activities in my homeschool science lessons?

From simple kitchen experiments to outdoor nature walks, leverage everyday materials and resources to bring scientific concepts to life. Encourage exploration, observation, and inquiry to cultivate a sense of wonder and discovery in your student.

  • Incorporate hands-on experiments, demonstrations, and projects to reinforce key concepts and principles, foster experiential learning, and deepen understanding.
  • Consider the availability of materials and resources, opting for activities that are safe, feasible, and aligned with your educational goals.
  • At Berean Builders, we understand the importance of hands-on learning and offer detailed instructions plus some hard-to-find materials to make your homeschool science experiments easy to conduct.

Step 4 Create a Flexible Lesson Structure

How can I keep homeschool science lessons organized but not rigid?

While having a structured lesson plan is encouraged, flexibility is key to accommodating your student’s individual needs and interests.

  • Design a framework that allows for spontaneous exploration and adaptation based on your student’s progress and feedback, along with their learning style.
  • Incorporate a mix of introductory activities, guided instruction, independent exploration, and reflection to cater to different learning styles and preferences.
  • When an opportunity to experience science first-hand arises, go for it. Head out to an unplanned event or include an activity that may not fit precisely with the current lesson, such as a spontaneous local presentation or a rare astronomical event.

Step 5: Integrate Multimedia Resources

How can I keep science lessons interesting?

Consider incorporating multimedia resources to keep lessons interesting and your students engaged and to reinforce concepts.

  • Enhance learning experiences with resources such as educational videos, interactive simulations, physical games, and educational websites.
  • Leverage technology to access virtual labs, documentaries, and educational games, enriching your student’s understanding of complex scientific concepts.
  • Do you have a student who prefers watching or hearing their lessons? Check out our audiobooks and video lessons that go along with our courses.

Step 5: Foster Inquiry-Based Learning

How can my homeschool student actively participate in science lessons?

  • Encourage inquiry-based learning by posing thought-provoking questions and facilitating open-ended discussions.
  • Empower your student to explore, hypothesize, and experiment, nurturing their innate curiosity and problem-solving skills.
  • Include independent research assignments to boost critical thinking and research skills.

Step 6: Incorporate Cross-Curricular Connections

How can I prevent compartmentalizing my homeschool subjects?

Science is inherently interdisciplinary, offering numerous opportunities to integrate other subjects seamlessly.

  • Explore connections between science and mathematics, language arts, history, and the arts to provide a holistic learning experience.
  • Incorporate writing assignments, project-based learning, and art activities that complement scientific exploration and deepen understanding.
  • Investigate current events, environmental issues, and technological advancements to illustrate the relevance of science in society and inspire future scientists and innovators.

Step 7: Assess Learning Outcomes

How can I know how well my student understands science concepts?

  • Evaluate your student’s understanding and mastery of concepts through informal assessments, quizzes, and hands-on demonstrations.
  • Provide constructive feedback and reinforcement, celebrating achievements and addressing areas for improvement.
  • Berean Builders courses encourage notebooking for your student to keep detailed notes of their studies which helps you see how well they grasp the ideas you are presenting.

Step 8: Reflect and Adapt

Am I required to continue using homeschool lessons I’ve planned?

Keep detailed records of your student’s achievements, experiments, and discoveries to track progress over time and facilitate future lesson planning.

  • Reflect on the effectiveness of each lesson, identifying strengths, challenges, and opportunities for growth.
  • Use feedback from your student, as well as your own observations, to refine your teaching approach and enhance future lessons.
  • You are in charge of your homeschool lessons. Adjust and adapt as needed to give your student an amazing science journey.

Berean Builders Online Lesson Plans With Homeschool Planet

If you prefer digital planning in your homeschool, you may be interested in using our integrated lesson plans through Homeschool Planet.

Homeschool Planet is an online homeschool planner and our lesson plans are now available to automatically populate into your digital homeschool schedule. They offer a 30 day free trial, with no credit card required.

lesson planning

Building Confidence in your Homeschool Science Lessons

Above all, foster a love of learning and curiosity for scientific exploration. Encourage questioning, curiosity, and independent inquiry to nurture a growth mindset and a passion for discovery.

Create opportunities for your students to pursue their interests, conduct independent research, and engage with the broader scientific community through workshops, clubs, and mentorship programs.

Embrace the journey of homeschooling as an opportunity for shared discovery and learning. Stay curious, adaptable, and open-minded as you embark on this educational adventure with your students.

By fostering a love of science and empowering your students to explore the wonders of the natural world, you’ll lay the foundation for a lifetime of learning.


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Earth Science In Your Homeschool: Choosing A Curriculum That Works For Your Family

Are you wondering why you should include earth science in your homeschool lessons? By learning about the world, the workings of its features and systems, and the cosmos in general, students can develop an essential and deep understanding of God’s creation and their place in it.

Understanding Earth’s Systems

Our Science Through HIStory series and our Discovering Design with Earth Science course encompass the study of our planet’s various systems – from the atmosphere to the lithosphere and everything in between. In our courses, students gain a comprehensive understanding of how these systems interact and influence each other. They learn about the water cycle, weather patterns, plate tectonics, and the rock cycle, among other phenomena.

Understanding these systems provides students with a solid foundation for comprehending the environmental challenges facing our planet today, such as pollution and natural disasters. By grasping the underlying principles governing Earth’s systems, homeschoolers can develop a deeper appreciation for the delicate balance that sustains life on our planet and the importance of responsible stewardship.

Connecting with Nature

One of the unique advantages of teaching earth science at home is the opportunity for hands-on learning experiences in nature. Whether it’s studying rocks and minerals on a hiking trip, observing wildlife in their natural habitats, or conducting experiments in the backyard, homeschoolers have the freedom to explore the natural world firsthand.

These immersive experiences foster a strong connection with nature and instill a sense of wonder and curiosity about the world around them. By engaging with the environment directly, students can recognize and appreciate the beauty and complexity of the natural world, inspiring them to become lifelong stewards of Earth. Our courses include hands-on experiments to help your student understand the concepts taught in each lesson.

Exploring the Cosmos

Earth science isn’t just about the planet we inhabit – it also includes the study of the universe beyond. Homeschoolers have the opportunity to explore topics such as astronomy, cosmology, and space exploration, igniting their curiosity about the cosmos and our place within it.

Studying astronomy allows students to marvel at the wonders of the night sky, from the phases of the moon to the distant galaxies billions of light-years away. They can learn about the life cycle of stars, the formation of planets, and the interactions between our earth, the solar system, and the universe as a whole.

Cross-Curricular Learning Opportunities

Homeschool education creates an opportunity for cross-curricular learning, integrating concepts from earth science with those found in physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics, and providing students with a holistic understanding of the natural world. Including stories from literature, history, and current events helps students to see how earth science can connect seemingly unrelated subjects and increase understanding.

Our courses help homeschoolers develop critical thinking skills and the ability to make connections between different fields of study. They learn to approach problems from multiple perspectives and appreciate the interconnectedness of many subjects, preparing them for success in future academic pursuits and careers.

Fostering a Lifelong Love of Learning

Beyond the academic benefits, studying earth science nurtures a lifelong love of learning and exploration. By encouraging curiosity, creativity, and independent thinking, homeschoolers develop a passion for discovery that extends far beyond the confines of the classroom.

Whether they pursue careers in science or not, the skills and knowledge gained through our courses will serve students well in any field. From problem-solving and critical thinking to communication and collaboration, the lessons learned are applicable to a wide range of endeavors.

Here are the courses in the Science Through HIStory collection!

Incorporating a Christian Worldview in Homeschool Science

At Berean Builders, we embrace a Christian worldview and include in our courses scientific evidence that supports the validity of the Christian faith. Let’s explore how you may further incorporate Christian values into your homeschool science lessons and integrate faith into your students’ learning experiences.

Recognize God as Creator

At the heart of Christian faith is the belief that God created the heavens and the earth. Homeschool parents can emphasize this foundational belief by exploring the beauty and complexity of the natural world through the lens of creation. They can teach their children to marvel at the intricacy of God’s design, whether studying the geological formations, the diversity of ecosystems, or the vastness of the cosmos.

Study the Role of Stewardship

Christianity teaches the importance of stewardship – the responsible care and management of God’s creation. Homeschool parents can incorporate lessons on environmental stewardship into their earth science curriculum, highlighting the biblical mandate to protect and preserve the earth for future generations. Dive into topics such as conservation, sustainability, and ethical considerations in resource management.

Explore the Harmony of Science and Faith

Science and faith are not inherently at odds with each other. Homeschool parents can help their children see the compatibility between scientific inquiry and Christian beliefs by exploring the ways in which scientific discoveries complement and affirm biblical teachings. Include discussions on the orderliness of the universe, the fine-tuning of physical constants, and the evidence of design in nature.

Discuss Creation Narratives

Our courses incorporate biblical creation narratives that provide opportunities for homeschool parents to discuss theological concepts alongside scientific principles. Parents can explore the different interpretations of the creation accounts in Genesis, encouraging critical thinking and respectful dialogue about the relationship between scripture and scientific evidence.

Foster a Spirit of Wonder and Gratitude

Homeschool parents can cultivate a spirit of wonder and gratitude in their children by encouraging them to reflect on the awe-inspiring aspects of God’s creation. Plan activities such as nature walks, stargazing sessions, or journaling about the beauty and diversity of the natural world. By nurturing a sense of wonder, parents help their children develop a deeper appreciation for God’s handiwork and a grateful heart for the blessings of creation.

Incorporate Scripture into Lessons

Integrating relevant Bible verses and passages into earth science infuses Christian values into the curriculum. By connecting scripture with scientific concepts, parents help their children see the interconnectedness of faith and learning.

Encourage Service and Outreach

Finally, homeschool parents can empower their children to live out their faith through service and outreach efforts related to earth science. Encourage participating in environmental clean-up projects, volunteering with conservation organizations, or advocating for policies that promote sustainability and stewardship. By putting their faith into action, children learn to be agents of positive change in the world, reflecting the values of compassion, justice, and care for creation taught in the Christian tradition.

Science With An Holistic Christian World View

Our courses embrace a Christian worldview. Incorporating Christian biblical values into homeschool Earth Science education offers a holistic approach that integrates faith, learning, and stewardship.

Discovering Design with Earth Science Textbook


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Homeschool Science Curriculum For All Ages

mom helping high school girl with homeschool science

Homeschool Science with Berean Builders

At Berean Builders, we are committed to helping you create critical thinkers in your homeschool through our science courses covering every grade level. Whether science is your favorite subject, or it gives you pause, our courses bring clarity to scientific ideas and engaging experiments that bring the concepts to life.

Dr. Jay Wile has created a series of science courses designed to help you teach science at home.

Wondering where to begin?

Take a look at your homeschool needs. We offer a list of questions and suggestions to help you get started.

Ready to dive into building critical thinkers? Let’s take a look at our courses designed to simplify teaching science at home while offering your student a well-defined path to understanding and solid preparation for further studies in college.

Homeschool Science Curriculum Options For Elementary School

For students at the elementary level, we offer fun and engaging learning opportunities through our chronological journey of science through history. If you’re excited for your student to follow along from the earliest scientific discoveries to modern-day advancements, this series is for you!

Elementary students are just starting to notice the science of the world around them. What better way to apply their wonder than to introduce basic scientific concepts found in everyday discoveries. While they are learning to read and write and perform mathematical operations, they can use their new-found skills to explore science through our courses.

Begin at the beginning with a look at the science of Creation. Dr. Wile presents the basics in an easy-to-understand format that opens up the world for your student to discover more. Dive into kitchen science with our hands-on experiments that follow along with the textbook concepts to help your student understand the science behind the explanations.

Throughout our Science through HIStory courses, your student will follow the scientists of the ancient world and beyond to see how critical thinking played an enormous role in scientific developments.

From the ancient to the medieval to the scientific revolution ages your student will continue expanding on the information they gathered, hanging details on the hooks of their previous discoveries, all while improving those basic reading, writing, and math skills they’re learning  by documenting their studies in notebooks.

Our engaging elementary courses take your student from Creation to Marie Curie and offer a clear view of the science of our world in a way your elementary student will enjoy.

Science Curriculum For Homeschooling Middle School

Middle school and junior high courses take learning up a notch and bring students into the atomic age, along with our in-depth earth science course designed to go deeper into the elementary concepts your student has already learned.

By this stage, your student may be interested in online studies. Our courses create a dynamic environment for learning, participation, and feedback.

What if your student’s style doesn’t quite line up with our presentations? You’re in luck. We also offer self-paced recorded classes so your student can take their time over a concept or power through something they quickly understand.

The middle school science courses are customizable for your homeschool student, which makes Berean Builders science a good fit for many different learning styles.

High School Homeschool Curriculum For College Prep

High school science can sometimes be intimidating, but we got you. We offer high school level science courses in biology, chemistry, and physics, plus online classes and direct access to Dr. Wile for questions about concepts that may be puzzling.

Our courses present the sciences with an undercurrent of wonder about the design of our world and universe. With clear explanations and hands-on experiments, your high schooler will develop critical thinking skills that are necessary and applicable in college and university levels of learning.

Unsure which you should teach first in high school? Check out this article on the order of courses. (Hint: it has to do with math skills!)

Interested in offering your student honors courses to further ready them for college? Any of our high school courses can earn an honors credit when specific conditions are met. We detail these here.

Berean Builders In Your Homeschool

Whether your student wants to learn from a textbook or online, use audiobooks or pre-recorded lessons, Berean Builders has science presentations designed to fit all learning styles.

With plenty of real-world experiments to conduct right in your home, your student will have first-hand experiences with the concepts from our courses.

And when something is just not clicking, we’re here for you.

Science questions, course questions, experiment questions, technical support? Everything you need to bring science to your homeschool from elementary to middle school to high school is available right here at Berean Builders.

Start building your critical thinkers today.

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DNA and RNA: Homeschool Learning Resources

DNA and RNA learning resources

To properly study genetics, students must understand the fundamental components of DNA and RNA, the molecules of genetics. Not only will this knowledge enrich your students’ appreciation for God’s creation, this subject can also be a springboard into many other scientific discussions in biology and even biotechnology.

So how do you go about presenting DNA and RNA in your homeschool?

DNA and RNA Basics

Since DNA and RNA are complex concepts, first build a solid foundation of understanding. Begin with the basics, explaining that DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid) are essential molecules that carry genetic information.

You can use simple, age-appropriate analogies to make these concepts more accessible. For example, compare DNA to a blueprint that holds all the information needed to build and operate a house (the cell), while RNA is like a set of instructions that are read from the blueprint to create different components of the house.

DNA and RNA Structure

Students should understand the structure of DNA and RNA. Use models, diagrams, and visual aids to explain how DNA is composed of two long chains of nucleotides twisted into a double helix. Meanwhile, RNA is a single-stranded molecule with a similar nucleotide structure.

Use simple craft projects to help students create DNA and RNA models, which can be a fun and hands-on way to reinforce their understanding of these molecules. Even older students will enjoy building models to help them better visualize the microscopic intricacies of DNA.

Extracting DNA from a strawberry or banana is a popular activity for all grades where students can follow the process and see the strands that contain the instruction manual directing the growth of the fruit.

The Function of DNA

Introduce the primary function of DNA. Explain that DNA is the hereditary material that contains the instructions for building and maintaining an organism. Encourage students to think of DNA as the “data bank” that holds the information necessary for life.

Connect this to the study of genetics and probability by creating a family tree or pedigree chart to show how genes are inherited and passed down through generations.

DNA replication is a fundamental process in genetics that enables cells to make copies of their DNA. To help students grasp this concept, use a hands-on activity. You can compare DNA replication to unzipping a zipper and then zipping it up again, with each zipper side serving as a template for creating a new strand of DNA. This will make the process of DNA replication more tangible and understandable for young learners.

Label a paper zipper model with A, T, C, and G cutout shapes to show how these nucleotides fit together like puzzle pieces. Explain that this DNA “alphabet” forms DNA “words” which join together to form the “sentences” we call genes.

Along with teaching DNA is the study of RNA. Explain that RNA acts as a messenger, carrying instructions from DNA to the cellular machinery that builds proteins.

Variations and Mutations in DNA

To make the lessons more engaging, introduce the concepts of variations and mutations. Explain that mutations are changes in the DNA code that appear during replication. These “edits” can result from various factors, including exposure to radiation or chemicals or may simply be an error in translation.

You can use simple, everyday examples like a typographical error in a book to help students understand how mutations can lead to genetic variation and sometimes diseases. Explore interesting variations such as why some people think cilantro tastes like soap.

Genetics in General

Bringing the world of genetics into real-life contexts can make learning more meaningful. Discuss how genetics plays a role in various aspects of life, from the production of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to understanding the genetic basis of inherited diseases.

Explore the work of famous geneticists and their contributions to the field, such as Gregor Mendel, James Watson and Francis Crick. You can even explore recent breakthroughs in genetics, like gene sequencing, cloning, and CRISPR gene editing, to showcase the evolving nature of the field.

DNA and RNA in Berean Builders Science Courses

We introduce Gregor Mendel in our Science in the Industrial Age course and explore DNA in our Science in the Atomic Age course and our Discovering Design with Biology.

Your homeschoolers will enjoy the conversational tone of our courses and the hands-on experiments we provide to bring science to life for your students. And as always, we provide plenty of resources and encouragement for you and are happy to answer any questions you or your students may have.

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Genetics and Probability: Homeschool Learning Resources

Homeschool life science and biology courses dive into the wonderful world of genetics and probability. While this can seem like a daunting subject, the courses at Berean Builders introduce these topics with conversational language and hands-on experiments to help students understand the complexities of how they work.

Family Genetics: Physical Traits and Medical History

You can begin to introduce the concept of genetics to your elementary school students by studying your own family and how some relatives carry the same hair color, eye color, or other traits through the generations.

And since our genetic makeup often determines our health and chances for medical problems, younger students can understand genetic tendencies to heart disease or other inherited issues in their family history.

Genetic Probability for Elementary Students

Heredity is complex and based on dominant and recessive gene characteristics, but your younger students can grasp probability with a simple activity using colored beads and a set of dice. Connect the colors to genetic traits and have them answer questions or create graphs related to how often a number or color appears.

You can also provide coins marked with various genetic traits and have the students keep up with the outcomes of a certain number of tosses. Include different traits, such as facial features, then have your student draw that face, or choose a pet and let probability determine its characteristics.

Of course, working with a small Punnett square can offer a clear comparison of simple traits that are dominant or recessive. Introduce Gregor Mendel, then use dog traits, flower traits, or even design-your-own-alien traits to make the activity fun.

Hands-On Genetics Experiments for Homeschool

Experiment with growing plants that can be cross-pollinated to chart leaf shapes or flower colors. Show how genetics is used in breeding programs to develop crops with desirable traits, such as drought resistance and higher yields. This microcosm of genetics can help students understand the bigger picture of traits in other plants, animals, and humans.

You can also cover animal husbandry to discuss how genetics is applied in animal breeding to enhance the quality of livestock throughout history and in modern day farming and ranching.

Teaching Genetics in High School

As your homeschool student moves into higher grades, you can expand the scope of study in genetics and probability. Include current events and related science announcements to encourage questions to research.

Explain the make-up of chromosomes and where genes are located. Explain that certain characteristics are carried only by X or Y chromosomes, making some traits (and diseases) more likely to appear in a specific gender. Show the basics of DNA structure and explore the double helix design. Include hands-on models to magnify the intricate workings of DNA.

Investigate blood types and how they are inherited, how transfusions work, and who can give blood to whom. Get an inexpensive blood-typing kit and test everyone in the family. This is another opportunity to sleuth out familial patterns as well as potential blood disorders that could appear in future generations.

Taking basic Mendelian concepts a step further, your student can explore more complex traits that involve multiple genes and environmental factors. These calculations require a bit more math knowledge and a few probability equations.

Explore how our environment affects our genetics. Can what we drink, eat, and breathe cause genetic mutations in our bodies? Knowing how mutations occur is a stepping stone to understanding how outside influences can cause changes in our bodies.

Introduce cloning and how the offspring are intended to be genetically identical to the parent. Open up a discussion about the ethics of genetic modification.

Notebooking Homeschool Genetics Lessons

We encourage you to have your students keep notebooks for their science courses. In these journals, your student can write, draw, paste pictures, and create charts and graphs of the interesting and important details they cover while learning about genetics. These notebooks are also excellent receptacles for experiment notes, plus they make great study tools for comprehension tests.

Homeschool Genetics from Berean Builders

Genetics surrounds us, and you can find many opportunities for your homeschool student to investigate and explore the great mysteries printed in our code of life.

Find genetics discussions and experiments in the following Berean Builders courses:

Science in the Industrial Age

Discovering Design With Biology

And if you have any questions about teaching genetics to your students, we are here to help with plenty of resources and reassurance.

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States of Matter: Homeschool Learning Resources

One exciting concept to explore in elementary and middle school homeschool is the states of matter. You can keep it simple for younger students and expand on the knowledge for a deeper exploration in middle school including non-Newtonian fluids and plasma.

Need some ideas about how to teach the states of matter for homeschool science? Let’s go!

What are the States of Matter?

Matter can exist in three primary states: solid, liquid, and gas. How the atoms and particles are arranged in a substance determines its state.

  1. Solid: In solids, particles are closely packed and have a fixed position. Solids have a definite shape and volume.
  2. Liquid: Liquid particles are more loosely arranged and can move past each other. Liquids have a volume that depends on temperature but take the shape of their container.
  3. Gas: Gaseous particles have a lot of space between them and move freely. Gases have a volume that depends on pressure and temperature but take the shape of their container
  4. Plasma: The most common state of matter in the universe, this very state makes up the Sun and stars. It consists of positively-charged particles and free electrons. While it can be made in a lab, it does not exist naturally on earth.
  5. Non-Newtonian Fluids: Solid or liquid? Yes! Depending on how much stress they are under, these fluids, like ketchup and oobleck, can take on the properties of a solid.

Learning About The States Of Matter

Start With Observation

One of the easiest ways to introduce your child to the states of matter is by engaging their natural sense of curiosity. Point out various objects during the day that show examples of the different states of matter. Pick up a rock or a stick on your walk. Touch the milk in the glass. Smell perfume or blow bubbles.

Use simple, everyday examples to illustrate the differences between the states of matter. Show how water can exist as ice (solid), liquid water, and steam (gas) at different temperatures.

Conduct Hands-On Experiments

Hands-on experiments are a powerful way to make abstract concepts more tangible. You can find experiments online, in books, and in our courses. Here are some simple experiments you can try:

  1. Freezing and Melting: Place water in an ice cube tray and observe how it changes from a liquid to a solid when you freeze it. Conversely, watch it melt back into a liquid when it warms up.
  2. Evaporation: Leave a container of water outside and monitor how it disappears over time, evaporating into the air.
  3. Balloons and Air: Blow up a balloon to illustrate the properties of a gas.
  4. Good Morning Coffee: A great way to start the day with states of matter is to observe the solid mug, the liquid coffee, and the steam rising from the coffee.
  5. Sublimation: Set out some dry ice and watch it turn directly to vapor.
  6. Oobleck: Explore the properties of a non-Newtonian fluid right in your kitchen.

Use Visual Aids

Visual aids like diagrams, pictures, and videos can help reinforce the concepts of states of matter. Use diagrams to illustrate the arrangement of particles in solids, liquids, and gases. Videos can show real-world examples of matter transitioning between these states.

Put your student’s creativity to work in their notebooks as they document their understanding of the topic. Or have them create a collage of pictures representing the different states of matter.

Dive Deeper into Each State of Matter


Explore the properties of solids in more detail. Discuss how the particles in solids are tightly packed, leading to their fixed shape and volume. Here are some activities to reinforce this concept:

  1. Molecular Models: Use molecular modeling kits or household items like building blocks to create solid structures. This hands-on approach can help kids visualize the arrangement of particles in solids.
  2. Classification: Encourage your child to classify objects around the house as solids. Discuss their properties, such as rigidity and inability to flow.


Investigate the properties of liquids and their transition from solid to liquid and vice versa. Some activities for this phase include:

  1. Mixing Liquids: Explore how different liquids mix and interact. For example, mix oil and water to show that they don’t readily blend.
  2. Water Cycle: Discuss the water cycle to explain how water can change from a liquid to a gas (evaporation) and back to a liquid (condensation).


Teach your child about the properties of gases and how they differ from solids and liquids. Activities to consider include:

  1. Invisible Gases: Discuss how gases are all around us, even though we can’t see them. Use simple examples like the air we breathe or the scent of a flower.
  2. Gas Expansion: Illustrate the concept of gas expansion by spraying some perfume in a room.


Explain how the sun and stars are made up of plasma. Then bring the concept to life at home:

  1. Play with a plasma ball to observe how the gas inside interacts with the electric coil to make lightning-like arcs.

Relate States of Matter to the Real World

To make learning more relevant and interesting, connect the states of matter to real-life examples:

  1. Cooking: Explain how heat changes the state of matter in cooking, for instance, melting butter or boiling water.
  2. Weather: Discuss how temperature affects the state of water in the atmosphere, causing rain, snow, or clouds. If it’s winter, try to find a location where you can see snow, water, and clouds at the same time. Water in its three states of matter in one place!
  3. Phase Diagrams: Introduce phase diagrams to show how substances change states under varying temperature and pressure conditions.
  4. Gas Laws: For older students, you can explore gas laws like Boyle’s Law and Charles’s Law to explain how gases behave under different conditions.
  5. Tesla Coils: Investigate Tesla coils to learn more about the characteristics of plasma.

Understanding the states of matter is a basic concept for science students of all ages they can apply to higher knowledge throughout their lives.

States Of Matter With Berean Builders

If you are looking for an integrated and more in-depth curriculum to help your child learn about the states of matter, we recommend Science in the Beginning.


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The Periodic Table: Homeschool Learning Resources

the periodic table

Arguably one of the greatest contributions to the field of chemistry, the periodic table of the elements is more than just a graphical arrangement of symbols and numbers. Who was responsible for this monument of scientific history? And how can we as scientists make the most of the periodic table in our studies?

What is the periodic table of the elements?

The periodic table is a structured grouping of the 118 identified elements in our world. The table is organized into rows called periods and columns called groups. The groups contain elements that have similar chemical behavior.

Each block on the periodic table is a snapshot of one element that lists its:

  1. Chemical symbol
  2. Atomic number
  3. Average atomic mass of its isotopes.

You can investigate the periodic table to find patterns for yourself.

In a given period, the farther to the right the element is on the table, the smaller it is, the more electronegative it is, and the higher its ionization energy. By contrast, in a given group, the farther down the element is, the larger it is, the less electronegative it is, and the lower its ionization energy.

You will also find that the elements can be separated into metals, nonmetals, and metalloids. Most periodic tables use color to identify these categories, but the elements far to the left are metals, the ones to the far right are nonmetals, and some of the elements in between are metalloids.

The periodic table is a wonderful resource for solving chemistry problems and equations.


The names and letter symbols of the elements come from various sources such as 

  1. Latin (aurum for Au – Gold or natrium for Na – Sodium) 
  2. Greek (kryptos/stranger for Krypton or baris/heavy for Barium)
  3. Other languages (Spanish platina/little silver for Platinum or the old Anglo-Saxon/Celtic word ludaihe for Lead and the Latin word plumbum which became lead’s symbol Pb)
  4. People (Curium or Einsteinium)
  5. Places (Americium or Ytterbium)
  6. Planets and Asteroids (Plutonium or Cerium)

In addition to using this valuable resource for high school chemistry, younger homeschool students can familiarize themselves with the periodic table through word and number games, or hands-on discovery of elements around them.

  • Find interactive tables that list actual everyday uses for all of the most common elements, and let your students find these common items around your home.
  • Use the chemical symbols on the periodic table to spell words or create puzzles.
  • Decorate graphic artwork or create fun science-related greeting cards with chemical symbols.
  • Color the periodic table based on a properties key.
  • Find books about the periodic table to bring the information to life.
  • Create a card deck of the elements and make up games.
  • Use sticky notes to build a periodic table on the wall as your students learn new elements.

How many more fun ways can you find for your younger students to explore the periodic table?

The History of the Periodic Table

So how did we get this graphic marvel of modern chemistry?

Dmitri Mendeleev gets credit for organizing the elements into his periodic table in 1869, Previous earlier attempts by other scientists rarely get noticed, but were excellent examples of people trying to wrangle the elements into some semblance of order.

Way back in 1789, Antoine Lavosier began listing certain substances he believed were broken down as far as they could be. He called these substances “simples”.

Then John Dalton produced a table in 1805 of atomic masses derived from mixing elements to determine what they created. Although the measurements were primitive since the ratios were unknown, Dalton did develop the atomic theory.

In 1862, Alexandre-Emile Beguyer de Chancourtois devised a 3D model he called a telluric screw. This device, when rotated, displayed the atomic weights of certain elements at regular intervals and clearly showed a “periodic” occurrence of these weights.

John Newlands also noticed patterns among the atomic weights of elements and created an arrangement in 1865. His Law of Octaves compared these patterns with musical notes arranged in scales. The reason he used intervals of 7 is because the noble gasses hadn’t been discovered yet, and didn’t leave spaces for future discoveries. But he was on the right track and eventually got credit for his discovery.

Around the same time as Mendeleev was designing his periodic patterns, Julius Lothar Meyer recognized the periodicity of elements. At first, he played with just a few elements and made a chart of how they combined with each other, then later added the transition metals. His chart was very similar to the one Mendeleev published, but Meyer’s work was published a year later, so he deferred to Dmitri as the first.

Mendeleev sorted and arranged the elements into the original precursor table of our current table. He intuitively placed elements in their places based on their atomic weights as well as their properties in relation to similar elements. Since he was fond of card games, Dmitri initially used paper cards with atomic weights and arranged elements into groups he called “suits”.

An important feature of his table were the gaps he left for undiscovered elements and he even made predictions as to the characteristics of five of them. These predictions turned out to be accurate. Then when the noble gasses were discovered in the 1890s, they fit right into the table, further proving Mendeleev’s work.

It turns out, Dmitri’s table even anticipated and provided evidence to prove atomic structure, something scientists of the time had not discovered.

Mendeleev said of his discoveries:

“Before the promulgation of this law, the chemical elements were mere fragmentary, incidental facts in Nature. The law of periodicity first enabled us to perceive undiscovered elements at a distance which was inaccessible to chemical vision.”

He also said:

“Elements arranged according to the size of their atomic weights show clear periodic properties. All comparisons which I have made…lead me to conclude that the size of the atomic weight determines the nature of the elements.”

Finally, in 1913, Henry Moseley used x-rays to measure the wavelengths emitted by certain elements and then used a frequency calculation to figure out that atomic number actually represents the number of protons in the atoms that make up the elements.

Even in 1945 scientists were still making new discoveries and expanding the usefulness of the table. Glenn Seaborg made a discovery concerning a group of elements that modified the arrangement of one portion of the table, giving us the current version.

The Periodic Table in your homeschool

As you can see, many scientists contributed to the methodical organization of the elements in our world, and the periodic table continues to evolve today. With Mendeleev’s periodic law, the table continues to provide opportunities to discover new elements, and the periodic table as we know it today is a most useful scientific tool.

You will explore the periodic table of the elements more in our courses Science in the Atomic Age and  Discovering Design With Chemistry.

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The Scientific Method: Homeschool Learning Resources

When it comes to exploring God and His creation, simple observation goes a long way to enhancing our appreciation and understanding of the world around us. This is how ancient natural philosophers viewed their world millennia ago.

However, we as scientists and students exploring science must take a more methodical approach to learning how our world works.

This approach is known as the scientific method, a methodical process used during scientific investigation that follows certain steps. One way those steps can be described is:

These steps are:

  1. Ask a question.
  2. Begin preliminary research.
  3. Establish a hypothesis.
  4. Test the hypothesis with experiments.
  5. Evaluate the data from the experiments.
  6. Draw your conclusion.
  7. Present your findings.

Let’s explore these steps in more detail:

Ask a Question

The first step in learning about the world around us is observing and asking questions about what we see.

Your question is the first step in the process to discovery. Why does something happen? How does something happen? What happens during this particular set of circumstances? Your most exciting research will begin with the words “What if…?” or “I wonder…”

Ask the question you want answered and make notes of any sub-questions or related ideas that come to mind.

Begin Preliminary Research

Next, you’ll want to do a little preliminary research. The more you know about your topic, the easier it will be to conduct a relevant experiment. 

Research previous studies, read through earlier experiments, and gather information on your topic through an online search or at the library. Remember, other scientists may have asked the same question before, but your approach will be unique to you.

Establish a Hypothesis

Your next step is all about what you think based on what you’ve researched. Ask your question, read through your notes, then make the most educated guess you can.

This is called forming a hypothesis. Your hypothesis should be testable and also include predictions of what you think the experiments will show. Make notes of testable variables so you can create experiments to compare and contrast different outcomes.

Test the Hypothesis With Experiments

Now comes the fun part. It’s time to gather your materials and perform your experiments. Use your predictions and your variables to create experiments to test your hypothesis.

You will take copious notes of all your experimentation, any changes in variables you made, as well as what happened during each step of the experiment. This way, you can repeat any experiment to see if you get the same results.

You can also make drawings or graphs to help describe your results. These will help when it comes time to present your findings. Remember the preliminary research you did in step 2? You can use your own notes to research ideas for future topics for experiments!

Evaluate the Data From the Experiments

Okay, now it’s time to evaluate your data. What did you determine during your experiments? Did the results prove or disprove your hypothesis? Or did your experiments present even more questions you want to answer?

You may want to change or add variables, amend your original hypothesis, and perform additional experiments. This extra data can help you finalize your conclusion.

Draw Your Conclusion

Once you have analyzed all the data you gathered from your experiments, you can draw your conclusion. This is what you’ve been working toward!

What does it mean to draw a conclusion? During this step, you will decide if what you thought would happen, happened. Your experiments should have answered your initial question, and repeated experiments should have had the same results.

With this information, you can make a solid conclusion based on the comparison of your hypothesis and your experimental data.

Present Your Findings

Whether you’re creating a project for a science fair, completing a homework assignment, or just experimenting to learn more about the world, the last step is to present your findings.

Produce a presentation (like a display, paper, or video) with your questions, hypothesis, and results. Present your notes and drawings to someone to evaluate. Or just tuck your findings into a science notebook filled with other wonders you’ve discovered.

It’s a good idea to practice presenting your findings to a group. If you pursue a scientific career, you’ll be doing just that after you follow the scientific method to learn more about your chosen field.

The scientific method is a solid procedure for discovering, evaluating, and researching the vast world around us. By implementing the steps, you improve your research skills and learn valuable information you can apply in many different ways.

The History of the Scientific Method

Have you ever wondered how scientists developed the steps needed to make discoveries? The history of the scientific method is fascinating.

Egyptian, Indian, and Babylonian scientists from thousands of years ago made notes and conducted experiments. But the scientists from ancient Greece actually developed some of the steps we recognize today as the scientific method.

Early philosophers of the time thought the way to arrive at knowledge through pure reasoning. They would observe the world around them, form conclusions, and then assume their conclusions must be correct.

Others, like Aristotle, saw the benefit of making detailed, systematic observations in order to build on known patterns and observations. This was quite different from Greek philosophers like Plato, who didn’t think observations were valuable because they thought the observable world was corrupt.

Aristotle’s method included:

  1. Researching information others had already written on a subject.
  2. Finding generally accepted ideas regarding a question on that subject.
  3. Studying the subject systematically to gain more information.

Aristotle’s method was incomplete, however. It wasn’t really a scientific method, but it was a start.

Centuries later, men like Robert Grosseteste and Roger Bacon expanded these steps by emphasizing the importance of testing conclusions to see if they’re true, then making more observations and testing again. At that point, the scientific method was born.

With enough experimentation, a hypothesis can be confirmed as true. Then it becomes a theory, the next step in the scientific method.

And this is how scientists today broaden the knowledge in their fields. They stand on the shoulders of giants to see even farther and gain more understanding of the world today.

In our books and courses, you will find explanations of the scientific method and experiments which allow you to use the steps to learn more about the world around you through science.